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Divje babe I. Paleolitsko najdišče mlajšega pleistocena v Sloveniji (2. del: Arheologija) / Upper Pleistocene Palaeolithic site in Slovenia (Part 2: Archaeology).

Author: Ivan Turk
Year: 2014

The second part of the monograph on Divje babe I deals in detail with archaeological finds from this important Middle and Upper Palaeolithic site. Edited by Ivan Turk, the monograph contains 17 chapters, written by seven authors.

At the beginning, methods used in research of the site and the stratigraphy of Palaeolithic finds are introduced, followed by six chapters, dedicated to lithic assemblage.
Stone artefacts are analysed from different aspects, including raw material, technology, fragmentation, morphometry, retouch and typology. A distinct feature of the lithic assemblage from Divje babe I is its high degree of retouching. About 80% of the stone artefacts bear alternating retouch which is usually considered as natural, pseudo-retouch. In the case of Divje babe I, it was demonstrated that this kind of retouch is artificial and only exceptionally natural.
One chapter is dedicated to bone and antler artefacts, which were, in addition to the Aurignacian, also found in the Mousterian levels. The most important Mousterian bone artefact is a flute, discussed in three chapters. In the first two chapters, its musical capabilities are analysed, which are also presented in the enclosed compact disc. In the third chapter, authors respond to all advocates of a natural creation of the musical instrument from Divje babe I. They put forward significant old and new evidence for an artificial origin of the holes and provide a reasoned rejection of all the opposing arguments.
A chapter on fireplaces thoroughly analyses seven fireplaces and hearths from the central part of the cave, taking into account all the accompanying finds. Particular attention is devoted to the mass of remains of a cave bear. With the aid of multivariate analysis, it was established that Neanderthals did certain things with its remains. There is surprising similarity between the suspected cult positioning of the skulls of a cave bear pair from Divje babe I and some Neanderthal burials.
A special chapter investigates the possibility of the existence of the hunting of cave bear. There is no convincing evidence of hunting, despite occasional cuts on bones. Analysis shows that people exploited certain skeletal parts of cave bear. The handling of adult cave bear skulls and canine teeth may have a symbolic background.


Other 2 monographs on Divje babe I:

Divje babe I. Paleolitsko najdišče mlajšega pleistocena v Sloveniji (1. del: Geologija in paleontologija) / Upper Pleistocene palaeolithic site in Slovenia (Part 1: Geology and Palaeontology), Opera Instituti Archaeologici Sloveniae 13, 2007
Moustérienska “koščena piščal” in druge najdbe iz Divjih bab I v Sloveniji / Mousterian “Bone Flute” and Other Finds from Divje Babe I Cave Site in Slovenia, Opera Instituti Archaeologici Sloveniae 2, 1997

Table of content

  • Predgovor
  • 1. Uvod / Introduction (Ivan TURK)
  • 2. Metode, uporabljene pri raziskavi najdišča Divje babe I in pri preučevanju paleolitskih najdb v Sloveniji / Methods used in research of the site Divje babe I and in studying Palaeolithic finds in Slovenia (Ivan TURK)
  • 3. Stratigrafija paleolitskih najdb / Stratigraphy of Palaeolithic finds (Ivan TURK)
  • 4. Surovine, uporabljene za izdelavo artefaktov / Raw materials used for making artefacts (Janez TURK, Matija TURK, Ivan TURK)
  • 5. Tehnologija, uporabljena pri izdelavi artefaktov / Technology used in making artefacts (Matija TURK, Ivan TURK)
  • 6. Fragmentacija kamnitih artefaktov / Fragmentation of stone artefacts (Ivan TURK)
  • 7. Morfometrija kamnitih artefaktov / Morphometry of stone artefacts (Ivan TURK)
  • 8. Retuša na kamnitih artefaktih / Retouch of stone artefacts (Matija TURK)
  • 9. Tipologija kamnitih artefaktov / Typology of stone artefacts (Matija TURK)
  • 10. Koščeni in rogovinasti artefakti / Bone and antler artefacts (Ivan TURK)
  • 11. Glasbena raziskovanja piščali. Od domneve do sodobnega glasbila / Musical research into the flute. From suspected to contemporary musical instrument (Ljuben DIMKAROSKI)
  • 12. Analyse acoustique de la flûte avec souffle proximal / Akustična analiza piščali, ki ima ustnik na proksimalnem koncu (François Zoltàn HORUSITZKY)
  • 13. Piščal (glasbilo) 19 let po odkritju. Kritika tafonomske razlage najdbe / Flute (musical instrument) 19 years after its discovery. Critique of the taphonomic interpretation of the find (Ivan TURK, Janez DIRJEC, Matija TURK)
  • 14. Prikaz kurišč in ognjišč s poudarkom na obognjiščnih dejavnostih v osrednjem jamskem prostoru / Presentation of fireplaces and hearths with a stress on hearthside activities in the central cave area (Ivan TURK, Janez DIRJEC, Matija TURK)
  • 15. Jamski medved plen neandertalskih lovcev ali žival posebnega pomena? / Cave bear: prey of Neanderthal hunters or animal of special importance? (Ivan TURK)
  • 16. Sklep in razprava / Conclusions and discussion (Matija TURK, Ivan TURK)
  • 17. Klastični sedimenti in njihova razlaga na podlagi fizikalnih in geokemičnih značilnosti / Clastic sediments and their interpretation on the basis of physical and geochemical characteristics (Dragomir SKABERNE, Janez TURK, Ivan TURK)
  • 18. Literatura / Bibliography
  • 19. Table / Plates (Matija TURK)
  • 20. Indeksi / Indexes (Mateja BELAK)
  • 21. Avtorji / Contributors


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62.00 €

Online price
55.80 €

archaeological excavations
archaeological finds
archaeological research
archaeological sites
Divje babe


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